This course extends the study of algebra begun in Algebra AB. Familiar topics such as equations, exponents, graphs, systems of equations and polynomials are studied in more depth. New concepts include variation, sequences, matrices, transformations of functions and graphs, exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometry, and quadratic functions. The trigonometry of right triangles is extended to general triangles and the unit circle.
First semester examines linear, quadratic, polynomial, and trigonometric functions and their graphs, domain and range, theory of equations, imaginary and complex numbers, exponential and logarithmic phenomena, and analytic geometry. Second semester is devoted to trigonometric identities, polar coordinates, complex numbers, vectors and determinants, sequences and series, matrices, probability and statistics.